Bologna Country Updates: Czech Republic

By Nick Clark, Assistant Editor, WENR Legislative Framework In 1992 the Czech and Slovak Federation was dissolved and each republic became independent. In both republics the same higher education reform was passed in 1991. The new law abolished central planning by the ministries and re-established…

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The Bologna Process: As Seen From the Outside

By Robert Sedgwick, Editor, WENR Across the Atlantic, unbeknownst to many Americans, higher education in Europe is undergoing a profound transformation. More and more countries are uprooting their traditional systems of education, which feature long degrees, in favor of a two-tiered model based on bachelor’s…

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India: The Private Sector Emerges in Higher Education

By Sonja Bhan, WES Group Manager The system of higher education in India is one of the largest in the world. In just four years, the number of universities rose from 178 in 1997 to 256 in 2001. Between 1994 and 1999, more than 500…

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Implementation of the Bologna Declaration: The Czech Republic and Hungary

by Robert Sedgwick, Editor, WENR Until 1989, when the communist Eastern Bloc collapsed, the educational systems in former Czechoslovakia and Hungary were based largely on the Soviet model of higher education. Following independence, new laws were passed in both counties that ended the state monopoly…

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