Bologna Country Update: Estonia

By Nick Clark, Assistant Editor, WENR Legal Framework The higher education system is binary and consists of universities (ülikool), applied higher education institutions (rakenduskörgkool) and vocational education institutions (kutseöppeasutus) in both the public and the private sector. In 1999, extensive reform with regard to curricula…

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Education in Spain

Robert Sedgwick, Editor, WENR Land Area: 194,913 square miles Capital: Madrid Administrative Divisions: 17 autonomous communities: Andalusia, Aragón, Asturias, Balearic Islands, Canary Islands, Cantabria, Castilla-La Mancha, Castilla y León, Catalonia, Valencia, Extremadura, Galicia, La Rioja, Madrid, Murcia, Navarre and País Vasco (Basque Country). Official Languages:…

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Implementation of the Bologna Declaration: The Czech Republic and Hungary

by Robert Sedgwick, Editor, WENR Until 1989, when the communist Eastern Bloc collapsed, the educational systems in former Czechoslovakia and Hungary were based largely on the Soviet model of higher education. Following independence, new laws were passed in both counties that ended the state monopoly…

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Students Voice Their Opinions on Bologna Declaration

Just two years after the signing of the Bologna Declaration, European education officials, representing 30 countries, convened in Prague on May 19 to review the progress achieved so far, and to coordinate objectives for the coming years. The Bologna Declaration aims to establish a unified…

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