Implementation of the Bologna Declaration: Italy and Austria

by Robert Sedgwick, Editor, WENR Part III: Italy Until quite recently, the Italian university system remained rigidly centralized. During the 1960s and 1970s, increased demand for university degrees brought about the massification of higher education in Italy, which in turn necessitated a complete overhaul of…

Read more

The Permanent Crisis of the Public University

by Pablo Gentili, University of the State of Rio de Janeiro A few moments of institutional splendor aside, the history of the Latin American university is a history of crisis. Indeed, because the words “crisis” and “university” go hand in hand in Latin America, and…

Read more

The Bologna Process

by Robert Sedgwick, Editor, eWENR A Europe of knowledge is now widely recognized as an irreplaceable factor for social and human growth and as an indispensable component to consolidate and enrich the European citizenship, capable of giving its citizens the necessary competences to face the…

Read more

Implementation of the Bologna Declaration: Germany

by Robert Sedgwick, Editor, eWENR German unification in 1990 ushered in an educational reform program aimed largely at superimposing the West German system of higher education over the eastern system. Some of the changes included updating technical standards, increasing enrollments and downsizing faculty and staff…

Read more
1 2 39 40 41 42