NAAC and the Next Decade of Indian Quality Assurance

By Jagannath Patil, Deputy Adviser, National Assessment and Accreditation Council The National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC), India’s premier higher education quality assurance agency, today stands at a crossroads after 11 years assessing quality standards in Indian higher education. As an autonomous body established by…

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The Bologna Bachelor’s Degree: An Overview

By Mariam Assefa, Executive Director, WES, and Robert Sedgwick, Editor, WENR I. Introduction Since the signing of the Bologna Declaration in 1999, Europe has gradually been moving toward a two-tiered system of higher education based on separate bachelor’s and master’s degrees. Countries that have the…

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Bologna Country Update: Czech Republic

By Nick Clark, Assistant Editor, WENR Legislative Framework In 1992 the Czech and Slovak Federation was dissolved and each republic became independent. In both republics the same higher education reform was passed in 1991. The new law abolished central planning by the ministries and re-established…

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The Bologna Process: As Seen From the Outside

By Robert Sedgwick, Editor, WENR Across the Atlantic, unbeknownst to many Americans, higher education in Europe is undergoing a profound transformation. More and more countries are uprooting their traditional systems of education, which feature long degrees, in favor of a two-tiered model based on bachelor’s…

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India: The Private Sector Emerges in Higher Education

By Sonja Bhan, WES Group Manager The system of higher education in India is one of the largest in the world. In just four years, the number of universities rose from 178 in 1997 to 256 in 2001. Between 1994 and 1999, more than 500…

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